No. 1688, Gaoke East Road, Pudong new district, Shanghai, China.
No. 1688, Gaoke East Road, Pudong new district, Shanghai, China.
Semi-Autogenous (SAG) Mills:-SAG mill is similar to AG mills, but utilizes grinding balls to aid grinding just like ball mills. It uses a ball charge of approx. 6 - 15%. SAG mills are characterized by their large diameter and short length as compared to ball mills. SAG mills are primarily used in the gold, copper and platinum industries with ...
SAG Mill Charge. Defining the charge weight and height for fully autogenous grinding mill requires allowance for the ore specific gravity (and its …
So perhaps we should not evaluate SAG mills in the traditional configuration of perhaps a +/-12% ball charge and a <20% total charge in a high aspect shell design. Yanacocha for example, has a 19% ball charge and a 21% total charge - Newmont has explored every other possibility with the final result of staying with this loading as it is the ...
mill discharge product size in relation to the lifting effect of the liners. In this specific case, it is obvious that a certain load expansion is needed to allow the coarse particles entering the media charge to be reduced. Therefore, at this stage, a direct measurement of the dynamics in the mill gives very valuable information to the operator.
SAG mill is rated at 29 MW and 78% C.S., with a 42 ft dia. mill built but not yet operational. The more recent option of operating at higher ball charge volumes (15% v/v to 20% v/v) has in turn led to higher motor power ratings. Figure 2: On achieving enhanced operating capability to 18% v/v ball
SAG mills are characterized by their large diameter and short length as compared to ball mills. The inside of the mill is lined with lifting plates to lift the material inside the mill, where it then falls off the plates onto the rest of the ore charge. SAG mills are primarily used at gold, copper and platinum mines with applications also in ...
ear for the mill and has the ability to accurately detect ball-to-liner impact occurrences. By quantifying the charge toe angle, or the media angle (βdynamic), on each rotation, a precise control strategy based on the internal dynamics and volumetric loading of a SAG mill is now possible. Also, by
The simulation results in the case of the ball mill are verified by comparing snapshots of charge motion. Furthermore, it is shown that power draw of ball as well as SAG mills can be predicted ...
The design of mill liners and SAG mill discharge grates will have a large effect on how efficiently the mill operates and the circuit throughput. All models generally assume that a mill is fitted with "efficient" liners and that the grate design neither limits passage of pebbles (and pulp) nor permits re-circulation of pulp back into the mill.
mill with a 30 mm graded ball charge and a 30% filling degree. The mill discharge pulp density was increased from 68.8% to 75.9% solids. The data is summarized in Table III. The example in Table III illustrates that the density has a large influence on the grinding efficiency. In this case, the
In these mills, total charge volume occupies approximately 35% of the mill interior, and the charge is lifted by lifter bars along the interior of the mill shell as the mill rotates. The primary objective for a SAG mill is to maximize the throughput of fresh ore.
At 8 – 12 % v/v ball charge volume, and 25 – 35% v/v total charge volume the SAG mill typically draws 10 –. 11 MW. The operating work index for the mill is extremely ore. depe ndent and can ...
Usually the charge volume of SAG mills occupy between 30-40% of its internal volume at which the grinding rate is maximized. When the charge volume is more, then the throughput suffers. The fill level is monitored by mill weight measurement as most modem mills are invariably mounted on load-cells.
Model results have very good accordance with the experimental results obtained of a laboratory mill. The model is used to predict the load behavior of a SAG mill in the Sarcheshmeh copper complex in Iran. Acceptable results due to low cost and quickness make it as an appropriate method for predicting the charge profile in that tumbling mill.
For example, a large 24 foot (7.3 m) diameter ball mill charge typically weighs around 2 million lbs (907 tons). Even though Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) and Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill charges contains less balls and no steel balls respectively, their …
Download scientific diagram | Photo of the largest SAG mill (10.37 m 3 5.19 m). from publication: Multi-layer kinematics and collision energy in a large-scale grinding mill-the largest semi ...
CHARGE LEVEL. Maintaining an optimum charge in a SAG mill remains one of the fundamentals for efficient mill processing. If the charge level or the ball to charge ratio is incorrect, breaking liners and/or increasing power consumption is inevitable and can only result in degraded mill efficiency.
An optimization is carried out to minimize the yearly cost of energy for the operation of the SAG mill. This cost includes the energy consumption cost in $/kWh and the capital cost for the PV-BESS infrastructure, prorated over the life of the battery system, accounting for the discount rate through an annuity factor (Pamparana et al. 2019a, b).The energy requirements are defined by the SAG ...
In semi-autogenous grinding (SAG), the grinding mill inventory, (i.e. volume of total charge, volume of ball charge, etc.) is important in determining the optimum operating condition for maximum production (tph), minimum specific energy (kwh/t) or lowest cost ($/t). A two-dimensional graphical method is presented for determining the actual ball charge within the total charge when …
low charge levels with small amounts of frozen charge. Figure 3 provides the actual values of speed, torque and mill angle for a Frozen Charge trip at a large SAG mill for reference. The speed is following the preset speed ramp until the trip shuts of the motor and lets the mill oscillate. The torque value is constantly growing and the mill angle
Attrition mill is a type of grinding mill by kinds of media to crush lump to powder-like substances. The impact can be rock on rock such as in an Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill, rock and a small ball charge (~10%), used in Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) mills, balls of various sizes in Ball Mills and less commonly these days, steel rods in Rod Mills.
According to available literature, the operating speeds of AG mills are much higher than conventional tumbling mills and are in the range of 80–85% of the critical speed. SAG mills of comparable size but containing say 10% ball charge (in addition to the rocks), normally, operate between 70 …
SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially.
With high aspect ratio SAG mills total charge to ball charge ratio should be greater than 2 (up to 2.5) for a coarse mill feed (say F80 > 110 mm). If the mill feed size is fine, say 50 mm or 30 mm, then you are looking at a total charge to ball charge ratio of about 1.5-1.6. These are guidelines and may fluctuate a bit depending on the ...
Measuring SAG Mill Charge and the Increased Benefits of Utilizing Accelerometers for Positioning ... Increased bearing pressure should translate to a …
SAG and AG Mills operate by lifting ore/grinding media and dropping it on the operating bed of the mill charge. High impacts from lifting ore and media promote impact breakage which is the primary mechanism for size reduction in the mill.
SAG Mill Discharge Controlling the feed and discharge of a mill is mostly a stabilisation exercise – you need to be able to quickly and accurately control the mill feed rate. If the mill feed setpoint is changed, then the actual feed rate needs to stabilise at the new target in a short period of time.
mill charge and speed. SAG Mill product P80 values are typically in the range of … OPTIMIZING SAG MILL PRODUCT SIZE IN SAG MILL _ BALL MILL GRINDING CIRCUITS
The SAG mill had a 6–8% ball charge and the power consumption was 8 kWh/t, which agreed well with the expected value. 9.6. Problems. 9.1. In an SAG mill the dimensions of the mill were 9.75 m × 3.5 m and the specific gravities of the mineral and …